Psycho-Babble Medication Thread 346576

Shown: posts 1 to 7 of 7. This is the beginning of the thread.

 

SSRI's vs. MAOI's

Posted by Jaylee on May 13, 2004, at 19:45:52

Whats the major differences/ side effects between SSRI's and MAOI's?

 

Re: SSRI's vs. MAOI's

Posted by King Vultan on May 14, 2004, at 12:42:55

In reply to SSRI's vs. MAOI's, posted by Jaylee on May 13, 2004, at 19:45:52

> Whats the major differences/ side effects between SSRI's and MAOI's?


SSRIs only work on serotonin, one of the three principal neurotransmitters involved with mood. They work by preventing the serotonin from being conveyed back into the neuron for storage, which results in the serotonin bouncing around in the synapse for a longer period of time. This sets off a cascade of chemical changes with the final result being an increase in serotonin transmission if the process goes as it should. Common side effects of increasing serotonin transmission are

Insomnia
Nausea
Lower libido
Delayed or absent orgasm
Plus a whole host of other side effects you can read about from people who have taken one or more of the SSRIs (Lexapro, Celexa, Prozac/fluoxetine, Paxil/paroxetine, Zoloft, and Luvox).

MAOIs work on a different principle. The two traditional ones that are left, Nardil and Parnate, work by knocking out predatory enzymes that consume all three of the neurotransmitters that are involved with mood: serotonin, norepinephrine, and dopamine. Thus, they serve to actually increase the numbers of these neurotransmitters available, similar to eliminating the wolves in an area and winding up with more deer, rabbits, and sheep. Because they work on all three neurotransmitters, they have the potential to be much more powerful than an SSRI, which just works on one.

MAOI side effects really depend on which of the two drugs are considered. Nardil has similar side effects to an SSRI, minus the nausea, with worse insomnia and also the potential for some amount of drowsiness, dry mouth, constipation, and urinary hesitation. However, the last three side effects are not as bad as they are for the tricyclic class of antidepressants. Nardil is also unfortunately notorious for causing weight gain (FWIW, I am on a max dose of Nardil of 90 mg/day and have not experienced this, though).

The other traditional MAOI, Parnate, is noted for having bad insomnia, but it is more stimulating than Nardil and has very little sexual dysfunction. It also does not typically cause weight gain and has fewer side effects overall than Nardil.

Both drugs tend to cause resting blood pressure and heart rate to decrease, and both can also cause hypertensive crises, by far the most notorious MAOI side effect. If a person eats one of the prohibited foods such as cheddar cheese or takes certain OTC or prescription drugs, their blood pressure can skyrocket to dangerous levels. MAOI patients need to familiarize themselves with these problematic foods and drugs and always exercise a certain amount of caution in these areas.

Todd

 

Re: SSRI's vs. MAOI's King Vultan

Posted by harryp on May 15, 2004, at 3:21:34

In reply to Re: SSRI's vs. MAOI's, posted by King Vultan on May 14, 2004, at 12:42:55

Very well put! I'm saving this post. I particularly liked the image of "predatory enzymes!"

 

Re: SSRI's vs. MAOI's

Posted by SLS on May 15, 2004, at 7:05:40

In reply to Re: SSRI's vs. MAOI's King Vultan, posted by harryp on May 15, 2004, at 3:21:34

> Very well put! I'm saving this post. I particularly liked the image of "predatory enzymes!"

Malevolent little buggers, they are.

:-)

It struck me as funny too. Surely, they must have some redeeming value?

Todd, in all seriousness, is that a technical term?


- Scott

 

Re: SSRI's vs. MAOI's

Posted by harryp on May 15, 2004, at 10:28:26

In reply to Re: SSRI's vs. MAOI's, posted by SLS on May 15, 2004, at 7:05:40

Yeah, they metabolize tyramine :), which can be handy sometimes!

All mine are dead, DEAD! Do you hear me, DEAD! My monoamine neurotransmitters roam free, without fear of early death by oxidation! My serotonergic transporters reuptake in peace, unmolested by villianous SSRI's.

It's not a perfect world upstairs, but it definitely could be worse!

Tranycypromine--the original and best--since 1959!

 

Re: SSRI's vs. MAOI's

Posted by RobertPalsing on May 17, 2004, at 5:38:43

In reply to Re: SSRI's vs. MAOI's, posted by harryp on May 15, 2004, at 10:28:26

Aye I need some of these little fighters to help my chemicals out. It's like a little war going on in your head.. time to finally extinguish the wolves.

 

Re: SSRI's vs. MAOI's

Posted by SDA on May 18, 2004, at 14:54:52

In reply to Re: SSRI's vs. MAOI's, posted by RobertPalsing on May 17, 2004, at 5:38:43

> Aye I need some of these little fighters to help my chemicals out. It's like a little war going on in your head.. time to finally extinguish the wolves.

Yes, but having too many deer grazing around in you head can also be bad. You'll.... um, run out of grass.


This is the end of the thread.


Show another thread

URL of post in thread:


Psycho-Babble Medication | Extras | FAQ


[dr. bob] Dr. Bob is Robert Hsiung, MD, bob@dr-bob.org

Script revised: February 4, 2008
URL: http://www.dr-bob.org/cgi-bin/pb/mget.pl
Copyright 2006-17 Robert Hsiung.
Owned and operated by Dr. Bob LLC and not the University of Chicago.