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Re: New case study: Metformin Blood Brain Barrier/BP

Posted by PeterMartin on March 14, 2022, at 0:33:25

In reply to Re: New case study: Metformin Blood Brain Barrier/BP, posted by PeterMartin on March 14, 2022, at 0:26:10

So that last one was in regards to diabetics. Here's another (2022) paper just published w/ mice that found in combo w/ Prozac Metformin has benefits in a parkinsons model:

Metformin and fluoxetine improve depressive-like behavior in a murine model of Parkinsońs disease through the modulation of neuroinflammation, neurogenesis and neuroplasticity


Thereabout 30-40% of patients with Parkinson's Disease (PD) also have depression contributing to the loss of quality of life. Among the patients who treat depression, about 50% do not show significant improvement due to the limited efficacy of the treatment. So far, there are no effective disease-modifying treatments that can impede its progression. The current clinical approach is based on symptom management. Nonetheless, the reuse of drugs with excellent safety profiles represents an attractive alternative strategy for treating of different clinical aspects of PD. In this study, we evaluated the effects of metformin separately and associated with fluoxetine on depressive like-behavior and motor alterations in experimental Parkinson's disease. C57BL6 mice were induced with rotenone (2.5 mg/kg/day) for 20 days and treated with metformin (200 mg/kg/day) and fluoxetine (10 mg/kg/day) from the 5th day of induction. The animals were submitted to Sucrose Preference, Tail Suspension, and rotarod tests. Hippocampus, prefrontal cortex, and substantia nigra were dissected for molecular and morphological analysis. Metformin and fluoxetine prevented depressive-like behavior and improved motor impairment and increased TH nigral positive cells. Metformin and fluoxetine also reduced IBA-1 and GFAP positive cells in the hippocampus. Moreover, metformin reduced the phospho-NF-kB, IL-1β in the prefrontal cortex and iNOS levels in the hippocampus. Both metformin and fluoxetine increased neurogenesis by increasing KI67, but only the combined treatment increased neuronal survival by NeuN positive cells in the hippocampus. In addition, fluoxetine reduced cell death, decreasing caspase-3 and PARP-1 levels. Lastly, metformin potentiated the effect of fluoxetine on neuroplasticity by increasing BDNF positive cells. Metformin has antidepressant and antiparkinsonian potential due to anti-inflammatory neurogenic, and neuroplasticity-inducing effects when combined with fluoxetine.




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